question archive Which of the above sounds most true to you and why that one? Agnosticism- Neither believing nor disbelieving in anything Cynicism- The Cynics, among them the famous Diogenes, believed that the only real distinction that matters in the world is the distinction between true values and false values
Which of the above sounds most true to you and why that one?
Agnosticism- Neither believing nor disbelieving in anything
Cynicism- The Cynics, among them the famous Diogenes, believed that the only real distinction that matters in the world is the distinction between true values and false values. All differences such as yours and mine, cooked and uncooked, private and public, were believed to be irrelevant by a Cynic. The Cynics were known for ignoring social convention
Determinism- The theory that nothing can happen but what does happen because every event is the necessary outcome of the causes preceding it. The opposite of this theory is called Indeterminism
Dualism- The view that a thing is made of two irreducible elements, such as the body and the mind, which are radically different
Empiricism- The view stating that knowledge of anything that actually exists can be gained through experience
Epicureanism- The physicist Epicurus created this school from his belief that since atoms never keep the same structure for very long, our lives are fleeting. He believed that after death there is nothing, so we should attempt to live life to its fullest pleasure. Because there was no afterlife, the Epicureans thought that this would eliminate the fear that fills so much of human life
Existentialism- Philosophy that begins with the contingent existence of the individual human being and regards that as the primary enigma from which all other understanding is pursued. The two main branches of this are religious and humanistic existentialism
Humanism- View based on the assumption that humanity is the most important anything that exists and that we cannot have knowledge of a supernatural world if one exists
Idealism- The philosophy that reality ultimately consists of something non-material, such as the mind or spirit
Materialism- The philosophy that reality ultimately consists of something material
Monism- The view that something, such as human beings, are made of one consistent whole, not multiple parts like a body and soul
Naturalism- View that reality is explicable without reference to anything outside the natural world
Phenomology- Way to philosophy which tries to investigate objects of experience without raising what may be unanswerable questions about them
Rationalism- The stance of stating that knowledge can be gained by the sole use of reason, without relying upon sense perception, which may be unreliable
Solipsism- The belief that only oneself exists
Scepticism- Created by Pyrrho, a soldier in Alexander the Great's army, Scepticism is the theory that we can never know anything for sure. No set of beliefs is more "true" than another because we can never be certain that anything we know or experience is the final truth
Stoicism- Zeno of Citium started the Stoic philosophy and it came to dominate the Roman Empire. Stoics held that because suffering, adversity, and death are out of our control, we should face them with quiet dignified acceptance. Stoics believe that emotions were judgments, and not always correct. By bringing emotion under the control of reason, we can ensure proper judgments and we will then be at one with things as they actually exist.
Utilitarianism- View of politics and ethics that judges the morality of actions by their consequences. Good is defined by pleasure and the absence of pain. The most desirable consequence is that which brings the most good to the most people .
it should be short 100 words and if u include an online set site it in APA format